Title: The Economics of Banking and Finance in Africa
Editors: Joshua Yindenaba Abor and Charles Komla Delali Adjasi
Reviewer: Professor Robert Darko Osei, Dean, School of Graduate Studies, University of Ghana, Legon
The global economy is going through a difficult period; one that has been engendered by recent developments, notably the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russian-Ukraine war. Indeed, the adverse effects of current economic shocks are yet to be fully realised.
The extent and duration of this adverse economic impact on countries will to a large extent be dependent on the banking and financial systems. It is therefore not surprising that policymakers, governments, institutions, regulators and financial market practitioners are all working hard to mitigate the adverse effects of these shocks on the banking and financial systems.
Thus this recent book on The Economics of Banking and Finance in Africa – edited by two astute financial economists and published by Palgrave Macmillan (Springer Nature) – could not have been timelier. It presents a comprehensive resource on banking and finance that students, researchers and practitioners interested in Africa’s financial systems will find very useful.
The book has thirty chapters grouped under seven broad parts. In Part I, a broad overview of Africa’s financial systems is provided. Additionally, the book’s purpose as well as an overview of its chapters are provided.
Part II of the book has 4 chapters and covers topics related to FinTech, Financial inclusion and Banking Sector Development in Africa. In this part of the book, the relationship between inflation, interest rates and exchange rates in Africa is discussed. Also, there is a chapter that looks at competition and market structure, and how reducing information asymmetry will reduce the banking sector’s monopolistic power in Africa.
Another chapter also discusses how increased financial inclusion complements banking sector development and stability in the financial system of Africa. The last chapter in this part of the book discusses the development of FinTechs and their implication for banks and financial services in Africa.
In Part III, issues relating to central bank independence and monetary policy are discussed in 5 chapters. The first chapter in this part of the book looks at how increased independence of central banks has helped improve effectiveness of monetary policy in the management of inflation, and how this effectiveness differs according to exchange rate regimes. Another chapter explores how central bank independence promotes financial development in Africa by making monetary policy more credible.
There is another chapter that discusses credit information sharing institutions, and how they have complemented financial market developments in Africa. The remaining two chapters in Part III discuss the relationship between monetary policy and risk-taking behaviour of banks; and also how monetary policy mediates the effect of banks’ pricing behaviour on financial inclusion in Africa.
Three chapters on Structured Finance, Sustainable Finance and Islamic Banking are discussed in Part IV. One chapter discusses how the structure of finance can be employed to respond to the changing financing demands of corporate firms and governments. This is followed by a chapter that looks at the trends in policies, practices and challenges of sustainable finance and banking in Africa. The last chapter in this section provides an overview of Islamic banking and finance, as an important alternative to conventional models in the face of recent financial crisis experiences.
In Part V, the banking crisis as well as the implications of global banking for Africa are discussed in 4 chapters. The first of these chapters looks at the causes, consequences or effects of banking failures in Africa. The following chapter examines impacts of cross-border banking on the likelihood of banking crises in Africa.
Another chapter discusses how cross-border banking and bank pricing affects financial inclusion in Africa. The last chapter in this section of the book discusses current developments, challenges, opportunities and the future of global banking, and what their implication are for African banks.
Part VI comprises 5 chapters which treat topics relating to banking regulation and supervision. It starts with a discussion of risk management and compliance for banking in Africa. This is followed by a chapter that examines how country-level governance structures affect the relationship between financial sector transparency, regulations and banking stability in Africa.
The next chapter discusses the role monetary policy plays in shaping the relationship between macro-prudential regulations and what it means for the likelihood of a banking crisis in Africa. This is followed by a chapter that provides an overview of recent developments in banking regulations and supervision in Africa. The last chapter in this section discusses challenges confronting the adoption of supervisory and regulatory technology in Africa.
In the last section of the book, Part VII, issues relating to non-Bank Financial Markets are discussed in 8 chapters. This section of the book starts with an overview of the sustainability, growth and impact of micro financial institutions (MFIs) in Africa. This is followed by a discussion on the nature and characteristics of insurance markets in Africa. Another chapter discusses the role of pension reforms, pension markets and capital market developments in Africa’s pension market.
This is followed by two chapters which discuss respectively stock market developments and bond market development in Africa. There is also a chapter that discusses the relationship between private capital flows and energy use in Africa. The penultimate chapter discusses the relationship between foreign direct investments and stock market development in sub-Saharan Africa. The final chapter discusses how African governments have responded to pandemics generally, with emphasis on the COVID-19 pandemic and Africa’s financial systems.
One concludes by noting that this book is extremely rich, as it blends academic excellence with extensive practical experience. This is undoubtedly one of the most comprehensive books in contemporary times on the nexus between Banking, Finance and Economic development in Africa.