Claim payments under the ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme


… processes simplified and explained:

The ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme is an essential initiative aimed at facilitating the free movement of persons and goods across member-states within the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). It ensures that victims of road accidents involving foreign vehicles are promptly compensated for damages.

  1. Eligibility for Claim

To be eligible for a claim under the ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme, the accident must involve a foreign vehicle from a member-state and must occur within the territory of another member-state. The claimant must provide evidence of the accident; such as a police report, medical reports and any other relevant documentation.

  1. Claim Documentation

Claimants are required to submit the following documents to facilitate the processing of their claim:

2.1 Completed Claim Form

This form contains essential details about the accident, including the date, time, location and parties involved.

2.2 Police Report

A report from the law enforcement agency that responded to the accident is crucial in validating the incident.

2.3 Medical Reports

In case of injuries, medical reports detailing the extent of injuries sustained are necessary.

2.4 Vehicle Documentation

This includes registration details, ownership documents and insurance information of the vehicles involved.

2.5 Witness Statements

Statements from eyewitnesses can provide valuable information to support the claim.

  1. Claim Processing

Once the required documentation is submitted, the ECOWAS Brown Card Bureau will evaluate the claim based on provided information. This may involve investigations, assessments and verification of the claim’s authenticity.

  1. Compensation

If the claim is approved, the Bureau will determine the amount of compensation to be awarded, based on factors such as the extent of damages, medical expenses and other relevant costs. The compensation will be paid to the claimant or their legal representative.

  1. Dispute Resolution

In the event of disputes or disagreements regarding the claim, the ECOWAS Brown Card Bureau has established mechanisms for arbitration and mediation to ensure fair and timely resolution.

  1. Timeframe for Claim Payments

The ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme aims to process claims promptly, with the goal of providing compensation to claimants within a reasonable timeframe.



In conclusion, the ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme plays a crucial role in ensuring that victims of road accidents involving foreign vehicles within ECOWAS member-states receive the necessary compensation. By following the outlined procedures and providing required documentation, claimants can facilitate efficient processing of their claims.


The Author is Secretary-General of the Council of Bureaux, ECOWAS Brown Card Insurance Scheme, headquartered in Lome, Togo

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