Using generative AI to advance financial services

Joseph Kobina Bimpong, Head-Data &Analytics, Stanbic Bank Ghana

The launch of Generative AI, exemplified by Chat GPT’s debut in November 2022, marked a watershed moment in reshaping the future of work. The profound impact of this technology became evident when a McKinsey survey revealed that, in less than a year, approximately 82% of respondents in the financial services sector had either adopted Generative AI for tasks or experimented with its capabilities. As organisations embrace digital transformation, integrating innovative sales approaches, optimising operations and leveraging data, a new challenge emerges.

This phase of innovation necessitates a deep integration of AI, demanding widespread adoption of AI-centric skills and tools. In the financial sector, these efforts are complicated by stringent regulations – highlighting the need to balance innovation with compliance. Generative AI’s influence extends beyond corporate boardrooms, permeating even the most mundane tasks such as drafting messages. This ubiquity has spurred discussions weighing the significant benefits against potential disruptions.

Generative AI’s impact on financial services

In our rapidly evolving digital age, the financial sector stands at a transformative crossroads. Generative AI not only enhances operational efficiency but also reshapes traditional financial paradigms. This section explores Generative AI’s pivotal role in financial services, highlighting its key applications, inherent challenges, and the trajectory for institutions ready to harness its potential. Traditionally reliant on manual procedures, the financial landscape is rapidly changing with the advent of AI – especially its generative capabilities.

Tools like Chat-GPT streamline and personalise customer interactions. McKinsey’s 2023 report reinforces this evolution, with 42% of respondents engaging with Generative AI in both professional and personal contexts. Generative AI, as outlined by Paul Daugherty of Accenture, encompasses five primary applications in financial services: content generation, process automation, advisory insights, security enhancement and programming assistance. These applications are discussed further in the use-cases detailed below.

Generative AI applications in financial services

Conversational Finance: Generative AI, utilising natural language processing and generation, simulates intricate, human-like interactions. Financial institutions deploy AI-driven chatbots to enhance customer relations, providing contextually relevant answers based on a deep product database.

Automated Financial Analysis and Reporting: Generative AI generates comprehensive financial reports by analysing vast data sets, spotting trends and generating insights often overlooked by human analysts, ensuring timely and accurate financial reporting.

Fraud Detection: Trained on patterns of fraudulent activities, Generative AI predicts or identifies unusual transactional behaviours more efficiently than traditional systems, safeguarding both institutions and customers.

Personalised Financial Planning: Generative AI analyses a customer’s financial history and status to provide tailored financial advice and investment strategies, maximising asset potential.

Algorithmic Trading: Generative models forecast market movements based on historical data and real-time conditions, enabling automated trading strategies to capitalise on market inefficiencies.

Strategic Context

The financial sector’s early adoption of AI technologies presents unique challenges due to its regulatory environment. Stringent regulations, designed to protect financial data, can both safeguard and hinder the full-scale implementation of innovative tools like Generative AI. Regulatory bodies often lag behind in understanding and controlling emerging technologies. To lead effectively in this evolving landscape, leaders must adopt a dual-lens perspective. They must recognise the opportunities Generative AI offers while proactively addressing potential risks. This proactive approach involves instituting robust internal controls that are both preventive and detective, supported by policies, guidelines and continuous training sessions.

Anticipating potential obstacles and setting measures in place beforehand allows institutions to mitigate risks associated with the technology and minimise regulatory infringements. Fostering an organisational culture that comprehends the nuances of AI utilisation is essential, ensuring employees are well-versed in the tool’s operation and its strategic relevance.

Designing a clear and simple plan

Integrating AI into an organisation necessitates a clear, measurable strategy. Embracing change-management is critical, starting from leadership’s active involvement in strategic discussions to fostering collaboration and transparent communication. Educational initiatives can demystify AI complexities, and appointing AI champions can facilitate integration. A culture of continuous learning and improvement is vital. Technology enablement includes evaluating existing infrastructure, breaking data silos and leveraging the cloud for scalability. Deploying AI use-cases strategically – starting with straightforward solutions and gradually introducing more advanced features – ensures value at each step. Fostering innovation and disruption, where AI informs decisions and provides real-time recommendations, enhances customer trust and fraud detection capabilities.

The ultimate goal is to transform into an AI-driven organisation wherein collaboration across departments, a data-centric mindset and external AI product potential become central. This transformation is a marathon, not a sprint; but a structured blueprint makes the journey purpose-driven.

Building the foundation in generative AI

High-quality data is the lifeblood of Generative AI technologies, but traditional organisations face ongoing challenges in ensuring data quality. Structural and system silos hinder data consistency and compromise data health. Addressing structural silos requires a unified approach to data across all departments, while system silos demand integration to provide a coherent view of data sources. To harness Generative AI’s potential, a rigorous foundation is paramount – focusing on data sourcing, processing, storage, protection and delivery. Poor data quality can severely hamper AI’s potential, leading to inaccuracies, inconsistencies and potential regulatory non-compliance.


The integration of Generative AI into financial services emphasises the importance of strategic planning, organisational alignment, data integrity and value measurement. This journey is about embracing change, evolving and steering the future of finance. As Albert Einstein said: “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change”. For financial institutions, adopting Generative AI is not merely adopting technology; it’s about embracing change and shaping the future of finance.

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