Land, as we all know, is a very valuable asset known to appreciate in value over time.
Most Ghanaians will testify to the fact that the price at which they bought their plots of land some years ago is not the same currently; were they to buy a plot of land in the same area after some years, they would have to pay a higher price.
For this reason, some people buy land and keep it over time to sell at a higher price in the future.
While this is a very good investment avenue, there are other alternatives which have proven to match or even outperform the returns earned from land business over the long-term here in Ghana and beyond. One of such investments are stocks or shares.
Owning a stock is simply becoming part-owner of a company. In Ghana, shares are mainly traded on the Ghana Stock Exchange (some are traded over the counter) through licenced brokers.
Coming back to the main argument, a friend of mine bought a plot of land at Oyibi in the Greater Accra Region in late 2010 for GH₵12,000; the price of the plot of land as at April 2018 stood at GH₵40,000. This shows a price appreciation of approximately 233.3% over the 8-year period (inflation not factored in). For many people, this is a very good return.
Comparatively, the share price of Ghana Oil Company Limited(GOIL) at the close of the year 2010 was GH₵0.29. The share price of GOIL at the close of day on April 6, 2018 was GH₵4.99 – which shows a capital gain of approximately 1,620.7% (inflation not factored in) over the same 8-year period, without even taking into account dividends consistently paid by GOIL each year over the 8 years.
To make things clearer, if my friend had invested the same GH₵12,000 he had invested in the land in GOIL shares during the same year in 2010, his investment would have gained an additional GH₵194,484 to be worth GH₵206,484 as at April 6,2018 – which is much higher than the GH₵45,000 the land is currently worth.
In a similar scenario, a plot of land was bought at Ho in the Volta Region for GH₵1,500 in 2007. The price of the plot as at April 6, 2018 was GH₵7,500 – which translates into a price increment of 400% (inflation not factored in). The share price of Ecobank Ghana Ltd. (EGH) at the close of year 2007 was GH₵2. The share price of EGH as at the close of day on April 6, 2018 was GH₵11.20 – which translates into a capital gain of 460% (inflation not factored in). Using the same process as above, the value of EGH shares would be worth GH₵8,400 as at April 6,2018 had he invested a similar amount of GH₵1,500 in EGH shares 11 years ago.
One may argue that share prices rise and fall and it is possible to lose all your initial investment. While this can be a true and real situation, seeking financial advice from industry professionals can help. They can help you select the best and consistently profitable companies on the Ghana bourse which are more likely to outperform or match the returns gained on lands over the long-term.
Moreover, most lands in Ghana are also exposed to risk factors – such as multiple sale of the same plot of land to different people, leading to litigation which may result in legal costs, loss of investment, and in some cases situations with very dire consequences.
In conclusion, buying land to sell in the future may be a very good investment – especially if you buy the land in a rapidly developing area; but my advice is that there are equally good investment avenues such as stocks (look for proven profitable companies) which investors, especially young investors with a long-term perspective, can consider in their investment plan.
**Note: This article does not factor-in depreciation of the cedi and inflation, which have a downward effect on profit but do not override the true value of the figures in this article. In our subsequent write-ups, we will discuss how some good stocks on the Ghana stock exchange have outperformed the dollar and consequently beaten the average inflation rate over the years.