Bawumia’s vision and the principles of collective responsibility in governance


Collective responsibility is a fundamental concept in governance, particularly within a democratic system. It underscores the idea that a government, as a team, shares responsibility for its actions, successes, and failures. Dr. Mahamadu Bawumia, the Vice President of the NPP Government in Ghana, now finds himself at the centre of a critical debate surrounding this principle. After a challenging tenure as Vice President, Dr. Bawumia has recently assumed the role of the flagbearer for the NPP in the upcoming 2024 general election and is attempting to distance himself from the government’s failures. However, the principles of collective responsibility and the circumstances of his vice presidency suggest that extricating himself from the government’s performance may not be straightforward.

A Troubling Economic Record

Dr. Bawumia’s tenure as Vice President of Ghana was characterized by a series of economic challenges that have left a lasting impact on the nation’s financial stability and its perception of his leadership. The economic record during this period paints a picture of turbulence and instability, and several key factors stand out as critical indicators of this tumultuous period.

  1. Record-High Inflation: One of the most concerning aspects of Dr. Bawumia’s time as Vice President was the unprecedented surge in inflation. Ghana’s inflation rate reached an astonishing 54.1%, a level that significantly eroded the purchasing power of the Ghanaian cedi. High inflation not only places a strain on the daily lives of citizens but also disrupts economic planning and investment. This soaring inflation rate is far from the hallmark of a successful economic visionary but rather signifies a failure in maintaining price stability.
  2. Soaring Debt-to-GDP Ratio: Another alarming issue was the escalation of Ghana’s debt-to-GDP ratio beyond 100%. This metric is a crucial indicator of a nation’s fiscal health and ability to manage its financial obligations. A debt-to-GDP ratio exceeding 100% signals that the country’s debt burden had grown to the point where it surpassed the annual value of its economic output. Such a situation raises concerns about the government’s fiscal management and its ability to meet its debt commitments without jeopardizing the nation’s long-term economic prospects.
  3. Debt Default: Perhaps the most concerning development during this period was Ghana’s default on its debt obligations, both locally and internationally. Defaulting on debt payments is a grave matter with severe consequences, including damage to the country’s creditworthiness and a loss of trust from creditors. This crisis speaks to a lack of financial prudence and the inability to meet the financial commitments made by the government. It is a stark indicator of a government’s failure to manage its finances effectively.
  4. Economic Mismanagement and Corruption: Alongside the economic challenges, Dr. Bawumia’s tenure was also marred by accusations of economic mismanagement and corruption. Allegations of corruption within the government raise questions about the ethical conduct of officials and the transparency of financial processes. Economic mismanagement, coupled with corruption concerns, undermines the government’s credibility and its ability to earn the trust of the people.
  5. Questionable Economic Policies: The government’s pursuit of economic policies during this period also came under scrutiny. The efficacy and appropriateness of certain policies were called into question, adding to the perception of inconsistency and uncertainty in the government’s approach to economic management. A lack of clarity in economic policy can lead to market volatility and hinder foreign and domestic investment.

The Vice President’s Role in Collective Responsibility

Collective responsibility dictates that all members of the government share accountability for its actions, and this includes the Vice President. As the head of the Economic Management Team (EMT) of Ghana, Dr. Bawumia held a pivotal position of authority and influence. The EMT’s role is to formulate, implement, and oversee the country’s economic policies, making it clear that Bawumia played an integral part in shaping the government’s economic agenda.

If during his tenure as Vice President, Ghana faced the turmoil of high inflation, soaring debt, and default on its obligations, it raises critical questions about Dr. Bawumia’s effectiveness as a leader and his ability to influence policy decisions. Given his significant authority and influence within the government as the second-highest-ranking official in the country, one might reasonably expect his leadership to have mitigated these challenges. However, the stark reality is that it did not.

The Challenges of Extricating Oneself

In light of the principles of collective responsibility, Dr. Bawumia’s efforts to distance himself from the government’s performance pose a significant challenge. The failures experienced during his time as Vice President are intrinsically tied to his role in economic management and the EMT. As the government’s financial and economic policies were formulated under his leadership, he cannot readily absolve himself of the associated outcomes.


Collective responsibility is an integral principle in the realm of governance. Dr. Mahamadu Bawumia, as Vice President and the head of Ghana’s Economic Management Team, bore a crucial responsibility for the government’s actions during his tenure. The economic challenges and policy failures experienced by Ghana during that period are inextricably linked to his leadership and decision-making. As he seeks to lead the NPP in the 2024 general election, the principles of collective responsibility may continue to be a defining factor in the public’s evaluation of his candidacy.

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