Under the aegis of the newly established Nigeria-Russia Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Russians are now gearing up to revamp the Ajaokuta Steel Industry that was abandoned after the collapse of the Soviet Union – and further take up energy, oil and gas projects in Nigeria, as well as facilitate trade between Nigeria and Russia.
After the Soviet collapse, Russia has been struggling to find ways of regaining part of its Soviet-era economic influence throughout Africa; and Nigeria has been high on Russia’s agenda for reviving multifaceted business ties, at least to share its market and take up opportunities similar to the United States and China.
There have been a number of deals and business proposals previously featured in Russia-Nigerian relations. As far back in June 2009, Dmitry Medvedev as president visited Nigeria for the first time, held talks on possible nuclear energy, oil exploration and military cooperation.
According to Russia’s Rosatom, the protocol on nuclear offered the possibility of bilateral cooperation for the development of nuclear infrastructure and joint exploration and exploitation of uranium deposits. The aim, two nuclear plants at estimated cost of US$20billion – the bulk of it from Russia, is to boost Nigeria’s electricity supply.
Russia’s second-largest oil company and privately controlled Lukoil has gone back and forth these several years, with plans to expand its operations in Nigeria and in a number of West African countries.
Nigeria is an economic powerhouse in theWest African region. As it is known, Nigeria is one of the Africa’s fastest growing economies and boasts the largest population. Russia and Nigeria have some sort of economic relations, but these are not consistent with the long-standing cordial relations between both countries.
In addition, Nigeria is a vast market with huge potentials for prospective foreign investors; and so is Russia. Regrettably, investors from both sides appear to know little or nothing about these opportunities. This is usually attributed to the apparent inadequate knowledge of the many investment opportunities in both countries.
Statistics are extremely hard to obtain. By the end of 2018, Russia’s trade with Nigeria was almost US$600million – still seen as far below the full potential of trade and economic cooperation between the two countries. Stunningly, talking about bilateral economic footprints, both Russians and Nigerians are unprepared to give needed useful information about Russia’s investment in Nigeria. Seen as a two-way street, Nigeria’s only presence in Russia is the diplomatic representative office.
New windows, in practice, are still opening; especially with the starting the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), the most ambitious integration initiative embedded in the Agenda 2063 of the African Union. It stresses working in industrial hubs, localizing manufacturing and marketing goods throughout Africa.
The Nigeria-Russia Chamber of Commerce and Industry, established and inaugurated in late September 2021, now has as its primary task raising bilateral economic relations between the two countries. It will help implement some of the significant issues that were discussed during the historic first Russia-Africa summit held in October 2019 at Sochi, Russia.
President-Nigeria-Russia Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Dr. Obiora Okonkwo, told the visiting Russian delegation headed by Ambassador Oleg Ozerov – from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation and Head of the Secretariat of Russia-Africa Partnership Forum (RAPF) – that establishing the NRCCI was the first step to resuscitating and strengthening existing relations between Nigeria and Russia.
He said the chamber’s inauguration shows the beginning of a new journey that will “Enable Nigeria to explore business relations with the Russian Federation, and will promote economic growth, technology transfer and development, and foster better understanding between both countries”.
Reports indicated that the Nigeria-Russia Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NRCCI) was created and incorporated under the Companies and Allied Matters Act 1990, and has established beneficial relationships and contacts with numerous economic development organizations in the Russian Federation.
The principal objectives of NRCCI are to promote commerce, industry, trade and ancillary services; foster, advance and protect commercial, industrial, trade and professional enterprises. “We are therefore seeking to establish an industrial development mechanism built on the principle of mutual beneficial relationships with their own business groups. The strategy is to establish and sustain business contacts with the existing numerous economic development organizations in Russia and Nigeria,” explained Okonkwo.
The Russian business delegation included Andrei Albeshchenko from the Association of Economic Cooperation with African States; Andrei Vladimirov, State Atomic Energy Corporation Overseas; Stepan Belanovich, Uralchem United Chemical Company JSC; Maksim Poltoradnev, Uralchem United Chemical Company JSC, and other Russian business executives.
The business visit to Abuja was organized by the Association of Economic Cooperation with African States (AECAS) with support from the Russian Foreign Ministry and assistance from the Russian Embassy in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Ozerov and his delegation paid a courtesy call on Vice President Yemi Osinbajo at the Presidential Villa.
According to reports, Vice President Osinbajo has expressed keen interest in developing bilateral cooperation and stresses the need to increase the presence of Russian companies in Nigeria. Vice President Osinbajo stressed the fact that the formal inauguration of a Nigeria-Russia Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NRCCI) will consolidate efforts to deepen the long-lasting relationship and invigorate business opportunities between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Russian Federation.
“We are interested in developing relations with Nigeria. It is one of the largest and most promising economies where we see lot of opportunities. We were happy to hear that the Vice President supports the development of bilateral economic relations. Russia has a lot to offer, from new technologies to fertilizer, agriculture, energy and infrastructure projects. We must intensify cooperation to achieve tangible results prior to the second Russia-Africa summit,” Ambassador Oleg Ozerov-Head of the Secretariat of the Russia-Africa Partnership Forum, told journalists during a press conference following the meeting.
Within the framework of the joint declaration adopted at the first Russia-Africa Summit, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation established the Secretariat of the Russia-Africa Partnership Forum. The Secretariat of the Russia-Africa Partnership Forum also moved to create an Association of Economic Cooperation with African States (AECAS).