Ghana’s rising debt as a result of the Energy Sector debt could trigger a second-round of banking crisis, if measures are not instituted to control the liquidity and operational challenges in the country’s energy sector, the Minority in Parliament have said.
The Ranking Member of the Finance Committee of Parliament, Cassiel Ato Forson, said a time will come when the country will not be able to service this Energy Sector debt because it is compounding on the companies.
If this should continue, he said the companies will not able to shoulder it any longer, going forward and thereby lead to their downfall. At this eventuality, he predicted that the independent power producers (IPPs) will be out of business, a situation which will affect the letter of credit (LCs) provided by the banks, to these companies.
This he explained would affect the economic growth and possibly the collapse of the banks while also making it overwhelming to address the current dumsor which may come back.
“A time will come when we will not be able to service this Energy Sector debt because it is compounding on the companies. So, there will be a time that the companies will not able to shoulder it any longer.
It will mean that these companies are collapsing. The IPPs will be out of business and dumsor may come back. This will affect economic growth. The banks will end up collapsing again because the LCs are coming from the banks…” he said at a minority press conference held to address concerns in the energy sector debt at Parliament House.
At the press conference Members of Parliament (MPs) from the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) say they are finding it very difficult to believe why the governing New Patriotic Party (NPP) led by the President, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, has sat down unconcerned for the energy sector to accumulate more debt.
According to the NDC MPs, the energy sector which is the main source powering the Ghanaian economy is in dire situation as a result of the failure of the government to honour its payment obligations to players in the industry, especially, those generating electricity to power domestic and commercial consumers.
To them, the inability of the government to pay the power generating companies has clearly exposed the weakness of the President in managing the sector.
On his part, the Ranking Member of the Mines and Energy Committee, Adam Mutawakilu, said if one considers the debt portfolio of the energy sector led behind by the then governing NDC led by John Dramani Mahama and the measures it put in place to resuscitate and sustain it, it beats their imagination why the sector is still crippled with debt over US$4billion.
The energy sector has over the years been riddled with a debt portfolio of US$2.4billion, an amount and 2015.
An amount of US$250million out of the US$2.4billion, B&FT understands, was paid to Banks by the Mahama-led government in 2016 to ease the liquidity crunch.
As at the end of the 2016, the energy sector debt was approximately US$2.2billion which was certified and agreed to be settled within 3-5 years starting from 2016 following the passage of the Energy Sector Levies Act 2015, Act 899 (ESLA).
The Government, B&FT is informed, rakes-in approximately GH₵3billion, equivalent to US$590million annually from the ESLA Fund.
With the interventions made, almost all the state-owned enterprises (SoEs) in the energy, according to Adam Mutawakilu, reported profits in 2016 before handing over power to the NPP.
For instance, GRIDCo, in 2016 posted a profit of GH₵69million while the Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) which has loaned its assets to Power Distribution Services (PDS) also posted a profit of GH₵725million, the Ranking Member of the Mines and Energy Committee observed.
Northern Electricity Development Company (NEDCo) on the other hand also posted a profit of GH₵1.19million.
However, two and half years into the administration of the Akufo-led government, the above mentioned agencies, GRIDCo, ECG/PDS and NEDCo all posted a revenue loss of GH₵118million, GH₵2billion and GH₵163.7million respectively.
The government’s indebtedness to the power sector entities is further compounding the already distressed entities.
For example, government is indebted to Karpower to the tune of US$150million, ENI US$160million, NEDCo US$162million, IPPs US$1billion, GRIDCo US$171million and Ghana Gas US$735million.
“This is a clear sign of weak sector performance”, a very emotional Mutawakilu noted.
This huge debt portfolio, the NDC MPs contend, is affecting the viability of the power generating companies, calling on the President to provide details on how his government has utilized or expended the ESLA Funds.