Ghana National Action Plan of UNSCR 1325 reviewed
The Women, Peace and Security Institute (WPSI) of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC), in collaboration with the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Protection (MoGCSP) organised a day’s workshop to review and sensitize security agencies with focus on female officers, on the GHANAP 1 and also to seek views as a country, to plan for the next action.
The United Nation Security Council, in October 2000, passed Resolution 1325 which recognizes the disproportionate impact of conflicts on women and girls. The Resolution also seeks to increase women participation in all spheres of the peacemaking processes.
To ensure member states domesticate and implement this Resolution, it was required that each state develops a National Action Plan that entails the actions and initiative that governments will undertake to meet the obligations of the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325.
Ghana adhered to the obligation of this Resolution by creating a three-year action plan in October 2012 which was called the Ghana National Action Plan (GHANAP 1).
The GHANAP 1 which was effective from 2012 has elapsed and needs to be reviewed, hence this workshop.
The Commandant of the KAIPTC, AVM Griffiths S. Evans stated that most of the security agencies who plays important roles in the implementation process, are neither familiar with the GHANAP 1 nor have they been involved in the review process, therefore this review will also ask for the views of stakeholders to seek the success of this Resolution.
“A review process has begun to not only review the activities of NAP 1, but to also solicit the view of stakeholders to ensure a holistic document is developed.
This workshop offers the opportunity to review and sensitize the security agencies on the GHANAP 1, to identify gaps with regards to its implementation and to provide a platform for the security agencies to make constructive inputs into the drafting of the next Action Plan.”
The Minister for Gender, Children and Social Protection, Otiko Afisah Djaba added that;
“Peace is necessary to achieve sustainable development. This is because conflict situation can completely disrupt any society and its organizations and lead to destruction of lives and values of society. Without peace, we cannot attend to our daily responsibilities as well as enjoy our very existence. It is therefore paramount that everyone is engaged in maintaining the peace.
There is a clear case that war affects women and girls in ways which are unique and different from men. These include sexual violence like rape, killing as a tool of war, complications in pregnancy and the burden of care for homeless children and other victims of conflict, (Kaufman & Williams 2010). In the recent Bimbilla conflict for example, more women lost their lives as compared to the men”.
She added that this landmark resolution seeks to give women the platform to actively participate in all aspects of conflict prevention, peace negotiations, peacekeeping, peacebuilding and post-war reconstruction.
The GHANAP 1 did not achieve its purpose of increasing the percentage of women into the military, police service and other security agencies which served as a challenge. However, it is hoped that the GHANAP 2 will overcome these challenges.