August 6, 2017
Source: Juana A. Boateng l l Ghana

A lot people have been asking me questions about what psychedelics is all about and more insights into its relevance. Let’s take a look about what psychedelics is all about and its relevance in the drug policy world.

 It is believed to have originated from a Greek word which means “soul manifesting” which was actually broken down into two terms which is the “soul” and “check” both in Greek. Psychedelics can also be called psychotomimetic drug or Hallucinogens.  According to Princeton University, psychedelics are part of a wider class of drugs called hallucinogens, which also includes dissociative and deliriums. These drugs affect the senses and how people act, behave and see things

What is psychedelics?

Many define psychedelics as a drug which causes effects on the mind as well as the release of chemicals into the human body which transcends into a different realm. To the academic society, psychedelics is a drug whose primary action is to alter one’s cognition and perception.  These drugs may be part of a wider class of drugs that is more commonly known as hallucinogens but not all psychedelics are considered hallucinogen drugs. There are a million heterogeneity of definitions for this type of drug but generally the psychedelics definition is simply explained as a drug that has hallucinogens effect and alters the way a person acts as well as how they perceive the world and things around them.

Types of psychedelic drugs

There are various types of psychedelic drugs which are being used with its chemical components and how it acts in the human system. Most common type of psychedelic drug include ketamine and LSD

  1. LSD: lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, is one of the most commonly known psychedelic drugs. Its effect and intensity depends on the strength of the dose that is being taken, and can vary greatly from one person to another. LSD often is dispensed in what is/are known as “tabs,” or small squares of paper infused with liquid acid which are placed on the tongue as an intake or prescription method.

2.      Psilocybin, or “Magic Mushrooms: Psilocybin is found in the form of a certain type of mushroom. The mushrooms are dried and ingested in any number of ways, including brewing them in soup or making tea. Psilocybin can also can be produced synthetically and sold as a powder or in capsules. The drug is known as “magic mushrooms” or “shrooms” and it is chemically related to LSD though it is often considered or known to induce a gentler, less intense, experience.

3.      Molly-Ecstasy: The name of which is taken from the word molecule, is a purer form of Ecstasy. The main ingredient in both is MDMA which is a type of methamphetamine. When taken in, it either drug induces feelings of extreme euphoria. The user also may feel an increase of energy, as well as a lost sense of time and a strong emotional attachment to those around them. Both drugs are available in tablet or capsule form. The purest form of Molly is a crystal-like powder, usually sold in capsules. The effects of either Molly or Ecstasy last between three to six hours.

  1. Ketamine: This is a general anesthetic often used for animals, goes by many street names – Special K, K2, Vitamin K, Super K, Kit Kat, Keta set, Jet, Super Acid, Super Acid, Special LA Coke and many others. Ketamine is available by prescription, but has become a drug of abuse, particularly as a recreational drug. Ketamine is available in a clear liquid or off-white powder. It can be injected, consumed orally, or added to marijuana and smoked.
  2. Smiles: The drug is a combination of amphetamines, or stimulants, and hallucinogens, and when taken, carries the risks associated with both. Smiles is usually sold as a white, crystal-like powder, or in tablet or in a capsule form. The powder may be snorted, or mixed with other substances before ingesting.

Effects of psychedelics

Psychedelic drug has a huge effect when abused and alters an individual’s way of acting. Many of people who abuse psychedelic turn to;

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Vomiting
  3. An increase in body temperature
  4. An increase in blood temperature
  5. Depression
  6. Delusions
  7. Rapid mood swings
  8. Increase in blood pressure
  9. Muscular issues
  10. Paranoia
  11. Loss of weight